How to Become a Data Scientist: Four Essential Steps | UT Austin Boot Camps (2024)

How to Become a Data Scientist: Four Essential Steps | UT Austin Boot Camps (1)

If you’re curious about how to become a data scientist, you’re probably the kind of person who loves numbers.

Maybe you like the challenge of solving mathematical problems, or perhaps you enjoy reviewing data and parsing through spreadsheets that your friends dismiss as boring or indecipherable. These puzzles have always been fun for you ⁠— but now, you want to put your analytical mind to the test and see if you can build a career out of your inherent skills.

Even if this description doesn’t fit you perfectly, don’t be discouraged! It doesn’t matter if you’re an established, trained mathematician or just a hobbyist with an interest in analysis; with the right resources and enough time and effort, you can become a skilled (and marketable!) data scientist.

In this article, we’ll explain everything you need to know to make your long-awaited career transition.

To become a data scientist, you’ll need to:

  1. Understand what a data scientist does
  2. Develop the traits and habits of a good data scientist
  3. Learn the essential languages and software skills
  4. Choose your educational pathway

We’ll dive into the specifics of the role, spotlight the qualities that define a successful data scientist, and explain how you can break into the field ⁠— even if you don’t have any formal training or prior experience.

Interested? Let’s get started.

1. Understand What a Data Scientist Does

At its most foundational level, the role of a data scientist is deceptively simple.

Data scientists use data to help businesses make better decisions.

The description seems straightforward enough ⁠— until you unpack the phrase “use data.” It encompasses a lot. Data scientists are responsible for collecting, managing, and distilling meaning from enormous quantities of data. They build the infrastructure necessary to house it and then deploy their analytical skills to gain a better understanding of markets, consumer bases, and business needs.

As one writer for SAS describes, “They’re part mathematician, part computer scientist and part trend-spotter […] Data scientists are a new breed of analytical data expert who has the technical skills to solve complex problems — and the curiosity to explore what problems need to be solved.”

Data science is a field that demands creativity and encourages curiosity. If one were to distill the spirit of the profession down into a single line, it would have to be: How can we use information to solve issues that we don’t even know we have yet?

The tasks that a data scientist takes on will vary across industries and employers; however, most in the profession share a few core responsibilities. These include but are not limited to:

  • Researching and developing statistical models for data analysis
  • Working with other department and company leaders to understand business needs
  • Developing data-driven strategies to address problems and pursue growth
  • Collecting and cleaning large quantities of data
  • Looking for patterns and trends in data that can help broaden company knowledge of critical areas (i.e., consumer habits, market needs, etc.) and improve strategic decisions
  • Communicating data findings to key decision-makers

These core capabilities, among others, have rendered data scientists all but invaluable in recent years. We live in an era that runs on information and data analysis; today, not using data to inform your strategic decisions isn’t just an oversight ⁠— it’s likely to put you out of business.

“Data science is growing up fast,” Harvard Business Review editor Scott Berinato wrote of the matter in 2019. “Over the past five years companies have invested billions to get the most-talented data scientists to set up shop, amass zettabytes of material, and run it through their deduction machines to find signals in the unfathomable volume of noise.”

The rise of Big Data has changed the game in just about every industry, from retail to healthcare and professional sports. Data scientists’ abilities to squeeze insights out of information have cemented them as in-demand and highly marketable professionals.

Currently, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that positions for data scientists will increase by a whopping 16 percent between 2018 and 2028 ⁠— a rate more than three times that of the average growth expected for all other occupations.

How to Become a Data Scientist: Four Essential Steps | UT Austin Boot Camps (2)

It’s a high-potential profession, to be sure. But how do you become a data scientist, exactly? First, you need to develop an understanding of the habits and skills necessary for the field.

2. Develop The Traits and Habits of a Good Data Scientist

If you’re wondering how to become a data scientist, you’ll need to become familiar with the helpful habits and traits that will allow you to succeed in the role. You can’t just pick up a few technical skills and call it a day; developing your mind and personal character outside of academic studies is just as crucial to your professional success as learning a database or programming language.

To borrow a quote from tech journalist Bob Violino, “Extracting true business value from data requires a unique combination of technical skills, mathematical know-how, storytelling, and intuition.”

In theory, the number of soft skills that can help you get into data science is infinite ⁠— but there are a few that are essential for those looking to break into the field. Students and new professionals aren’t always expected to have all of these abilities mastered within their first few days on the job, but they do need to be ready to learn and adapt quickly as they grow into their role.


Curiosity and an insatiable desire to learn are among the most crucial character traits shared by successful data scientists. Even the most well-educated and seasoned professionals need to stay on top of developments in ever-changing fields such as machine learning, programming, and database management ⁠— or they’ll soon find themselves outdated and ill-prepared.


Due to the complex and technical nature of their work, data scientists often have to shape their own to-do lists and make difficult project decisions without upper-level direction or input. The ability to think critically, proceed prudently, and shift priorities as needed are critical for independent data scientists. These professionals also need to adopt an impact-oriented mentality that helps them focus their efforts on the areas or tasks that will provide the most overall benefit to their employer.

Improving your ability to prioritize requires at least a decent understanding of your employer’s structure, goals, and essential processes. You also need to practice adopting a mindful and self-aware attitude that encourages you to reflexively examine your own activities with an eye toward constant improvement.


A computer screen may not care if you lack conversational skills or social inclination, but these personality quirks can become a significant source of workplace friction with coworkers. Data scientists often need to collaborate with colleagues in other professional departments, clients, and executives, many of whom lack the specialized training to understand complex data concepts.

Aspiring data scientists need to know how to communicate effectively with everyone — from their tech-savvy colleagues to business-focused bosses.

The best way to build social skills is to use them, especially if the thought of socializing makes you uncomfortable. There’s nothing strange about being afraid to speak in public or lead a group discussion; however, these anxieties can hold you back in the long run if you don’t actively address them early in your career.

Put yourself out there! Look at every conversational exchange as an opportunity to develop your communication skills and better yourself as a professional.

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Understanding the significance and value of methodology is an essential trait for anyone practicing information science. Strict attention to detail and adherence to established methods are crucial skills in both programming and mathematics.

Data scientists should, at all times, be mindful of the way that they structure and approach problems so they can create consistency across projects and avoid confusion.

3. Learn Essential Languages and Software Skills

As important as soft skills are, anyone wondering how to get into data science will need to become familiar with the tools of the trade ⁠— the technical skills that you’ll need to succeed in the field.

While it’s impossible to create an exhaustive list of necessary skills for the profession, given that every company has its own approach, goals, and methods, there are a few fundamental competencies that every data scientist must have.

Job posting data from a 2017 Glassdoor report indicates that employers have a strong preference for Python (72 percent), followed by R (64 percent), SQL (51 percent), Hadoop (39 percent), and Java (33 percent). Below, we cover a few of these skills ⁠— and a few dark-horse talents that you might not realize are critical to success.

How to Become a Data Scientist: Four Essential Steps | UT Austin Boot Camps (3)


Despite its association with entry-level web development, Python is incredibly useful to data scientists for managing and analyzing information. It’s best known for its approachable simplicity as well as its support for rapid development. Python also offers value in the form of easy debugging and its relatively low maintenance requirements.

While you must learn all the basics of the language, it’s also a good idea to focus your advanced training on applications related to data management, rather than programming or software development. These skill sets share a similar base but eventually diverge to concentrate on different tasks and abilities.


Apache Hadoop is an open-source collection of utilities that has several applications in computation and data interpretation. Hadoop is capable of processing an enormous amount of information at once, which makes it invaluable as a data science tool.

Hadoop is compartmentalized into several primary modules, including Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), Yet Another Resource Negotiator (YARN), MapReduce, and Hadoop Common. Each of these modules provides essential features and functionality that expand the utility of the others; taken together, they offer tremendous and multifaceted support to data scientists.


As a data-oriented analytics platform designed for commercial use, Tableau has a lot to offer in terms of visualizing data and communicating results. This platform provides a digital environment that helps users store, manage, and organize information through a dashboard and user-friendly interface. Its integrated mapping and geocoding features are particularly useful for industries and applications that have strong geographic ties.


Microsoft Excel has long been a bread-and-butter utility for all kinds of technical professionals, from developers to accountants. Given this, it’s no surprise that the software is also a staple in the field of data science.

This spreadsheet software offers a well-developed framework for the aggregation, collation, and management of data sets. Its versatility and compatibility with other popular programs make it an indispensable asset in any data scientist’s arsenal.

Fundamental Statistics

Data scientists aren’t statisticians, but they do need to understand many of the core concepts and methods of the field to form a foundation for their own practices. Statistical learning is particularly relevant as a component of machine learning ⁠— a discipline that is currently driving the future of the data science profession.

Understanding statistical analysis and development helps you better understand every step of the analytical process, from acquiring data to reviewing your final conclusions. Mastering the fundamentals of this field of study improves your ability to classify information, apply advanced sampling techniques, and produce meaningful visualizations to help others understand the impact and significance of the data.

Additional Resources:

4. Choose Your Educational Pathway

Let’s get one point straight right now: there is no “correct” way to become a data scientist.

Today, we’re lucky enough to have an abundance of academic options available, from conventional college courses to boot camps to self-guided tutorials. Every learner’s educational journey will be a little different, and the path that works for one person may not suit another. The educational route you choose will be the one that works best for your needs, learning preferences, and unique situation.

So, before we start profiling your options, let’s walk through a quick questionnaire to determine your specific needs and priorities. Ask yourself:

  • How much time and money do I have to dedicate to my education?
  • What’s my expected timeline for upskilling and landing a job in the data science field?
  • Can I balance a full-time schedule with my current work and personal obligations, or do I need a part-time program?
  • How much instructor support or guidance do I need as a learner?
  • Would I learn better in an in-person or virtual environment?

Answering these questions will help you narrow in on benchmarks for program price, duration, schedule, and type. Keep them in mind as you assess the learning paths below.


Four-year undergraduate degrees are arguably the most conventional means of gaining the proficiencies necessary for a career in data science. Those who enroll in college courses commit to a full-time and often in-person schedule and gain a comprehensive understanding of both theoretical principles and practical skills.

Today, skyrocketing student interest in data science has prompted some colleges and universities to create majors specifically for data science. However, if your chosen school doesn’t offer such a specific track, you can cobble together a suitable degree from related subjects. As one writer for Dummies puts it, “It’s okay if your degree doesn’t say ‘analytics’ if you have a course load that meets the needs of potential employers.”

Popular majors for aspiring data scientists include math, statistics, and computer science. Other, less-related majors like business can also provide a useful foundation, though learners may have to take additional courses to brush up on necessary technical skills.

A four-year college degree has its benefits and challenges. On the one hand, formal undergraduate programs are comprehensive and well-regarded by employers; on the other, they tend to be more expensive and take more time than other educational pathways.

Tutorials and Self-Directed Learning

The web-based nature of programming and computer science makes it extremely conducive to online or remote learning. It’s certainly possible to take command of your own education through digital resources, tutorials, and learning programs if you have the discipline and desire to push yourself through. Some of these resources and services are even available free of charge for those who have limited financial flexibility or simply want to explore the field before making a commitment.

Self-directed learning offers extreme flexibility and can be a very budget-friendly option, but it also means taking charge of your education. Without instructor guidance, it’s easy to get lost, stuck, or confused.

The best way to get started is to focus on learning programming basics, like Python and R, before moving on to statistics and mathematics. It’s also a good idea to try to connect with people currently working in the profession and ask them for tips, tricks, and ideas on how to get into data science in a self-guided capacity.

Need help finding your first tutorials? These resources can give you a boost.

Digital Learning Platforms:

  • Freecodecamp ⁠— Offers a host of free programs on data science, programming, and more. This platform also supports a thriving community of tech-minded professionals.
  • Udemy ⁠— Provides access to paid and free courses. Note that this platform is known for its frequent sales; if you want to save money, keep an eye out for discounted opportunities!
  • Khan Academy ⁠— Offers a comprehensive dive into statistical concepts and foundational data science, among other subjects.


Boot Camps

Much like the brief and intense training period that new military members go through, programming and data science boot camps are optimized to provide as much practical education as possible in a short time. This kind of training is typically more affordable and faster, generally 3 to 4 months, compared to a traditional degree program. These boot camps may take place either physically ⁠— on campus, for example ⁠— or virtually.

According to HackerRank, roughly one in six Gen Z tech professionals has turned to boot camps to acquire needed technical skills. While young people are at the forefront of this kind of learning, boot camps are appropriate for learners of all ages.

Interested in seeing what a boot camp curriculum has to offer? Check out The Data Analysis and Visualization Boot Camp at Texas McCombs.

Now What?

After reading this article, you should have a clear idea of how to become a data scientist and achieve the career you’ve always wanted. We’ve outlined the possible paths; now, it’s up to you to choose one and walk it.

So, where will you go? Will you choose to explore a college program, opt for a boot camp, or dive into data science through more independent means? The choice is up to you!

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How to Become a Data Scientist: Four Essential Steps | UT Austin Boot Camps (2024)


What steps should I take to become a data scientist? ›

How to become a data scientist
  1. Earn a data science degree. Employers generally like to see some academic credentials to ensure you have the know-how to tackle a data science job, though it's not always required. ...
  2. Sharpen relevant skills. ...
  3. Get an entry-level data analytics job. ...
  4. Prepare for data science interviews.
Jun 15, 2023

Is data science bootcamp worth it? ›

Yes, it is very likely to help you get a job, with the vast majority of graduates from data science bootcamps reporting that they have found work in the field.

How I became a data scientist in 6 months? ›

In conclusion, becoming a data scientist in just six months is definitely possible. Just make sure to start by learning the basics of programming, statistical programming, data wrangling, data visualization, and data analysis. Once you have learned these skills, you can start searching for a data science job.

Can I become a data scientist with no experience? ›

Since data science is a high-growth, in-demand career field with strong job prospects, it's a good time to explore whether becoming a data scientist is the right next career for you. The great news is, you don't need prior experience to become a data scientist.

How do I become a self taught data scientist? ›

It's definitely possible to become a data scientist without any formal education or experience. The most important thing is that you have the drive to learn and are motivated to solve problems. And if you can find a mentor or community who can help guide and support your learning then that's even better!

Can you become a data scientist with just a bootcamp? ›

Many people assume that a traditional degree is the only way to get a data scientist job, but a data science bootcamp can be an excellent alternative. As this article will discuss, data science bootcamps are one of the best ways to learn applicable skills in a short amount of time.

Can I become data scientist after bootcamp? ›

You may not be able to land a data science job straight out of a data analytics bootcamp, but you can take the leap into data science with a few years of data analyst experience under your belt or with a data science bootcamp.

How much does an entry level data scientist make? ›

Factors that can influence your data scientist salary

According to Glassdoor, the lowest end of the pay range for data scientists in the US is $79,000 per year. The highest end of this pay range is $206,000 [3].

Is 35 too late to become a data scientist? ›

Whatever your age, it's never too late to pursue your dreams of becoming a qualified data scientist.

Is 50 too old to become a data scientist? ›

You can become a data scientist at any age if you're willing to put in the work.

Can I learn data science at 50? ›

No, 50 is not too old to become a data scientist.

It's never too late to become a data scientist - as long as you've got the right skills and determination, you can become a data scientist at any age. Assuming you have the skillset, there isn't an age limit - even if you're starting from scratch with a degree.

What are the 4 levels of data science? ›

That's why it's important to understand the four levels of analytics: descriptive, diagnostic, predictive and prescriptive.
  • Descriptive analytics.
  • Diagnostic analytics.
  • Predictive analytics.
  • Prescriptive analytics.

What are the 4 stages of data science? ›

Understanding the four stages of data: collect, curate, analyse, and act - Resources - Unissu.

What should I learn first for data science? ›

Technical Skills Required For Data Scientists
  • Statistical analysis and computing.
  • Machine Learning.
  • Deep Learning.
  • Processing large data sets.
  • Data Visualization.
  • Data Wrangling.
  • Mathematics.
  • Programming.
Jun 22, 2023

Can I be a data scientist if I dont like coding? ›

It's still possible to get into the data scientist field if you don't enjoy coding, especially if you focus on roles that are heavy on visualization or management.

How do I start data science with no experience? ›

How to Become a Data Scientist?
  1. Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree. ...
  2. Step 2: Learn Relevant Programming Languages. ...
  3. Step 3: Learn Related Skills. ...
  4. Step 4: Earn Certifications. ...
  5. Step 5: Internships. ...
  6. Step 6: Data Science Entry-Level Jobs.
Jun 7, 2023

Why is it so hard to become a data scientist? ›

Because of the often technical requirements for Data Science jobs, it can be more challenging to learn than other fields in technology. Getting a firm handle on such a wide variety of languages and applications does present a rather steep learning curve.

Can I learn data science in 3 months? ›

To start learning data science, you must have the following capabilities to get a positive result in 3 months: You must have some technical knowledge like a degree in Stat. Math etc. You also need to know about coding schemes and programming languages.

Can I become a data scientist in 1 year? ›

People from various backgrounds especially with zero coding experiences have proven to become good data scientists in just one year by learning to code smartly.

Can a beginner do data science? ›

To become a data scientist, it is important to be familiar with the programming languages used most frequently in the industry and some major data-related concepts. You can start with a data science course for beginners to become data scientists.

What is an entry level data scientist? ›

An entry-level data scientist works to examine, interpret, and collect large sets of data. In this role, your responsibilities include extracting and processing information to find patterns and trends, using technology to analyze data, and creating a machine-learning algorithm or predictive model for data analysis.

What is the success rate of data science bootcamps? ›

Will a data science bootcamp get you a job? Yes. In fact, 74% to 90% of bootcamp graduates land a job within six months of graduation. If you're wondering what employers think of data science bootcamp grads, the answer is positive.

Can you get a job as a data scientist with just a certificate? ›

We talked to more than a dozen hiring managers and recruiters in the data science field about what they wanted to see on applicants' résumés. None of them mentioned certificates. Not one. Here's what we learned: certificates certainly won't hurt your job search as long as they're presented correctly.

Are data science bootcamps worth it 2023? ›

The Short Answer is Yes – coding bootcamp alumni earn ~51% higher salaries compared to their previous jobs! On average, graduates earn $80,943 at their 2nd job after bootcamp, and $99,229 at their 3rd job.

Does Apple accept bootcamp grads? ›

Can a Coding Bootcamp Get Me a Job at Apple? Yes, coding bootcamps can help you get a job at Apple as they adequately prepare you for the field. Of course, you should check their requirements for the specific position you're applying for to be sure they don't require a four-year college degree.

Can I become a data scientist after 30? ›

Yes. Anyone aged 30 can furthermore apply for a data science job.

Can data scientists make $200 K? ›

As can be expected, variations arise depending on things like experience level, job title, industry, and location. However, even entry-level data scientists can expect to earn a comfortable living, while those with many years of experience can earn up to around $200K and potentially much more.

How much do Python data scientists make? ›

Python Data Scientist Salary. $104,000 is the 25th percentile. Salaries below this are outliers. $197,000 is the 90th percentile.

Who pays data scientists the most? ›

Top-Paying Companies for Data Scientists
NetflixSenior Data Scientist$505,000
11 more rows
Apr 24, 2023

Can I become data scientist in 4 months? ›

If you have a strong background in mathematics, statistics, and computer science, and are familiar with programming languages such as Python or R, you may be able to acquire the necessary skills in a few months through intensive self-study or a data science bootcamp.

Can I master data science in 6 months? ›

Becoming a data scientist in six months is possible if you have a strong background in mathematics and coding. If you are one such candidate, follow the steps below: Download simple datasets and perform Exploratory Data Analysis on them.

How old is the average data scientist? ›

Interestingly enough, the average age of data scientists is 40+ years old, which represents 49% of the population.

Can an average person be a data scientist? ›

Data science is fully based on mathematics and statistics. If you are from the same background it will be easy to learn data science, and it will be easy to be a data scientist. If you are from a non-IT background, first you have to learn mathematics and statistics.

Is Masters enough to be a data scientist? ›

Becoming a data scientist typically requires a bachelor's degree. Still, given the demand for this work across sectors, you may find that earning your master's degree qualifies you for advanced roles that require more in-depth knowledge.

Do you need a lot of math to be a data scientist? ›

Data Science doesn't actually require much calculus, other than as a prerequisite to probability and statistical theory. Linear Algebra, as it is the basis of modern practical computing. Least squares, dimensionality reduction, collinearity, and more, all can be understood in terms of Linear Algebra.

Is data science dead in 10 years? ›

So, until and unless we find a way to not use data itself, data science as a field is not going to be obsolete anytime soon. However, many believe that since a data scientist's daily tasks are quantitative or statistical in nature, they can be automated, and there will not be a need for a data scientist in the future.

Can I be a data scientist if I'm bad at math? ›

Being mathematically gifted isn't a strict prerequisite for being a data scientist. Sure, it helps, but being a data scientist is more than just being good at math and statistics. Being a data scientist means knowing how to solve problems and communicate them in an effective and concise manner.

Is data science hard for beginners? ›

No, if one has learned the right set of skills, data science will not be a hard job for them. The field of data science is new and has not matured fully yet. So it might seem difficult when you start. But once you learn the nuts and bolts of it, it is not a hard job.

What are the 3 C's of data science? ›

We've divided them into three related categories: completeness, correctness, and clarity. To envision how all these fit together, imagine that your data is pieces of a puzzle. To get value out of your data, you need to assemble the puzzle (do data quality).

What are the 4 A's of data? ›

Big Data analysis currently splits into four steps: Acquisition or Access, Assembly or Organization, Analyze and Action or Decision. Thus, these steps are mentioned as the “4 A's”.

What are the big three in data science? ›

Dubbed the three Vs; volume, velocity, and variety, these are key to understanding how we can measure big data and just how very different 'big data' is to old fashioned data.

What are the 5 stages of data science? ›

Five Stages of Every Data Science Project
  • Defining a problem. The first stage of any Data Science project is to identify and define a problem to be solved. ...
  • Data Processing. ...
  • Modelling. ...
  • Evaluation. ...
  • Deployment. ...
  • Conclusions.
Jul 26, 2022

What are the 7 steps of data science cycle? ›

The Lifecycle of Data Science
  • Problem identification. This is the crucial step in any Data Science project. ...
  • Business Understanding. ...
  • Collecting Data. ...
  • Pre-processing data. ...
  • Analyzing data. ...
  • Data Modelling. ...
  • Model Evaluation/ Monitoring. ...
  • Model Training.
Jun 15, 2023

What are the 6 phases of data science? ›

What is Data Analytics Life Cycle? Data is precious in today's digital environment. It goes through several life stages, including creation, testing, processing, consumption, and reuse. These stages are mapped out in the Data Analytics Life Cycle for professionals working on data analytics initiatives.

Should I learn Python or SQL first? ›

SQL is certainly an easier language to learn than Python. It has a very basic syntax that has the sole purpose of communicating with relational databases. Since a great amount of data is stored in relational databases, retrieving data using SQL queries is often the first step in any data analysis project.

How much Python is needed for data science? ›

While everyone is different, we've found that it takes three months to a year of consistent practice to learn Python for data science.

How long does it take for a beginner to learn data science? ›

The course spans between 6-12 months. A degree program in data science normally lasts three to four years and mainly emphasizes academics. Machine learning, cloud computing, data visualization, python programming, and operating systems are examples of M.

How long will it take to become a data scientist? ›

The course spans between 6-12 months. A degree program in data science normally lasts three to four years and mainly emphasizes academics. Machine learning, cloud computing, data visualization, python programming, and operating systems are examples of M. Sc.

How many years does it take to become a data scientist? ›

There are four-year bachelor's degrees in data science available, as well as three-month bootcamps. If you've already earned a bachelor's degree or completed a bootcamp, you may want to consider earning a master's degree, which can take as little as one year to complete.

How much money is required to become data scientist? ›

The average data science course fees range between INR 70,000 - 4,50,000. On average, for candidates who have no prior experience in coding or are not from mathematical backgrounds, it usually takes around 7 – 10 months of intensive studying, to become an entry-level Data Scientist.

What skills do data scientists need? ›

As you embark on your career as a data scientist, these are skills you'll definitely need to master.
  • Programming. ...
  • Statistics and probability. ...
  • Data wrangling and database management. ...
  • Machine learning and deep learning. ...
  • Data visualization. ...
  • Cloud computing. ...
  • Interpersonal skills.
Jun 20, 2023

Can I become data scientist within 1 year? ›

People from various backgrounds especially with zero coding experiences have proven to become good data scientists in just one year by learning to code smartly.

Which degree is best for data scientist? ›

Bachelor's degrees in data science, computer science and mathematics are common options for undergraduates who are interested in pursuing a data science career. Others include data analytics, statistics, information technology, business, engineering and physics.

Does data scientist require a lot of math? ›

Data Science doesn't actually require much calculus, other than as a prerequisite to probability and statistical theory. Linear Algebra, as it is the basis of modern practical computing. Least squares, dimensionality reduction, collinearity, and more, all can be understood in terms of Linear Algebra.

Can data scientists make 300k? ›

For data science managers, the median base salary ranges from $155,000 to $275,000, depending on the level of experience. The 75th percentile of the base salary for a data science manager at level 3 is $310,000, an annual increase of 13%.

Is Python enough for data science? ›

If you're passionate about the statistical calculation and data visualization portions of data analysis, R could be a good fit for you. If, on the other hand, you're interested in becoming a data scientist and working with big data, artificial intelligence, and deep learning algorithms, Python would be the better fit.

How much coding is required for data science? ›

You need to have knowledge of various programming languages, such as Python, Perl, C/C++, SQL, and Java, with Python being the most common coding language required in data science roles. These programming languages help data scientists organize unstructured data sets.

Can you be a data scientist without coding? ›

Traditionally, data science roles do require coding skills, and most experienced data scientists working today still code. However, the data science landscape continues to change, and technologies now exist that allow people to complete entire data projects without typing code.


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